quinta-feira, 9 de abril de 2015

Livro: História dos Cristãos Árabes pós Maomé.



Dos Doutores da Igreja, muitos são do Oriente Médio ou de regiões que hoje são muçulmanas. Santo Agostinho nasceu na hoje muçulmana Argélia. Santo Atanásio nasceu no hoje muçulmano Egito.  São Cirilo também é do Egito. São João Crisóstomo nasceu na hoje muçulmana Turquia. São Basílio também é da Turquia. São Efraim era da Síria.

O Cristianismo nasceu, aliás, no hoje mundo de maioria muçulmana. O Oriente Médio é o berço do cristianismo.

A história dos cristãos no mundo antes e após Maomé é de muito sofrimento e luta. E continua sendo.

E agora foi lançado o livro acima, que conta a história dos cristãos ortodoxos (em comunhão com a Igreja Católica - cristãos melquitas) pós Maomé. Parece sensacional.

Em um mundo de matança dos últimos cristãos no mundo árabe, o livro se torna obrigatório.

Dr. David Bertaina, vez uma análise do livro. Leiam abaixo parte da análise dele.

BOOK REVIEW:

The Orthodox Church in the Arab World, 700-1700

By David Bertaina, PhD


The Orthodox Church in the Arab World, 700-1700: An Anthology of Sources. Edited by Samuel Noble and Alexander Treiger. Northern Illinois University Press, 2014. 375 Pages. $35.

The fourth century was an age of conflict between the Nicene faith (which we profess each Sunday at liturgy) and the heresy of Arianism (the belief that Jesus was a lesser deity separate from God). At one point, the Roman Emperor Valens even tried to force his citizens to follow him into Arianism. In response to his coercion, the Roman ally and Arab queen Mavia rebelled against his policies, successfully receiving an orthodox Arab monk named Moses as bishop of her people. Christian Arabic poetry even commemorated this triumph, according the fifth-century Church historian Sozomen. 

Stories such as this one remind us that Arab Christianity is an ancient faith, stretching back millennia into Roman times. With this in mind,The Orthodox Church in the Arab World should be recognized as one of the most important resources published for English-speaking Melkites in recent years. The book reminds its readers that Arab Christians have remained standard bearers for Christianity and contributed to the cultural vibrancy of the Middle East in the midst of Islam. Indeed, the book reminds Melkites about the historical origins and development of their identity.

The Orthodox Church in the Arab World is aimed at non-specialists, including those interested in the history of Christianity and those seeking to increase their faith. It introduces non-Arabic speakers to the biblical studies, theology, lives of the saints, historical writings, poetry, and inter-religious writings of Arab Christians from 700-1700. In other words, it covers Arabic-speaking Christians in the Levant from the rise of Islam until the split of the Church into the Antiochian Orthodox and Melkite Greek Catholic Churches.

The introduction to the book, a real gem thanks to the editors, Samuel Noble and Alexander Treiger, provides a concise historical survey of Arab Christianity from its origins to the eighteenth century. They address its origins before the rise of Islam, its significance related to Muhammad, Christian responses to the Muslim conquest, life under the Umayyads in Damascus (661-750), the height of Christian Arabic literature under the Abbasids (750-1258), Arab Christians during the Byzantine reconquest of Antioch, relations with Crusaders, Mongols, and Mamluks, and finally the situation in relation to the Ottomans.

[…]

History is one of the most profitable ways of understanding Melkite identity. It enables us to imagine a world greater than the one we presently experience and to empathize with the peoples who have walked the same earth and contributed to its present state. The introductions to each chapter and the quality translations in this book provide moments of entertainment, suspense, historical insight, and a reason to believe in the faith that has been preserved and shared by Arab Christians.

I strongly recommend The Orthodox Church in the Arab World as a way to learn more the Melkite Church, its history, its identity, and what that means for us today. The Orthodox Church in the Arab World is a treasure to be read and shared widely.


(Agradeço indicação do livro ao site Big Pulpit)

2 comentários:

Nik disse...

Pedro, Paróquia de São Basílio, dos nossos irmãos melquitas, fincada no coração da SAARA, berço dos libaneses no Rio e seu comércio:

https://www.google.com/maps/@-22.907558,-43.185906,3a,75y,269.29h,103.31t/data=!3m5!1e1!3m3!1swu__B_TjV6WZm545U5f48g!2e0!3e5!6m1!1e1

Pedro Erik disse...

Ótimo, Nik.

Muito obrigado, pelas informações. O livro parece ser sensacional como fonte de pesquisa.

Abraço,
Pedro Erik